Labour mobility: de jure vs. de facto

The free movement for workers and self-employed is one of the four freedoms of the European Union and guarantees theoretically a high labour mobility within the Union. However, the numbers show that the de facto mobility of workers is comparatively low, in spite of the de jure right to free movement. Especially the euro area would profit from a higher mobility. In this study Nathalie Spath and Paul-Jasper Dittrich identify the main barriers which European workers face and give recommendations for a higher mobility.

Nathalie Spath is Policy Adviser at KfW DEG, she formally worked for the Jacques Delors Centre. 

Paul-Jasper Dittrich is Advisor at the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development, he formally worked for the Jacques Delors Centre.

Image: CC BY-SA 2.0, Source: Nisa Yeh