Schengen means travelling without borders and has been a European success. But the agreement from 1995 has come under pressure from two sides: the unprecedented influx of refugees and the terrorist threat in Europe. It is unclear how permanent border controls would address the two challenges, but it is certain that they would be expensive. This policy paper shows how the end of Schengen would undermine the euro area, the single market, and the European integration process. It explains who should save Schengen and why.
Dr. Anna auf dem Brinke works for the German Ministry of economy, she formally worked for the Jacques Delors Centre.