A key political priority of Ursula von der Leyen’s Commission is making Europe fit for the digital age. It promised to create playing rules for Artificial Intelligence (AI) within the first 100 days of its mandate. This urgency underlines the importance of digital transformation for the Commission. We have not seen the same sense of urgency regarding digital education, however. In this policy brief, Nils Feller and Maarja Kask explain why stronger EU engagement in digital education and upskilling is crucial not only for the Union’s labour market but its overall competitiveness. They show where the Commission stands, what challenges it faces and how they can be addressed.