Catherine E. De Vries is Professor of Politics at Bocconi University in Milan. She was previously Westendijk Chair and Professor of Political Behaviour in Europe at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, where she also served as the Director of the VU Interdisciplinary Center for European Studies. In addition, she is an affiliated Professor of Political Science at the University of Essex. Previously, she was a professor of European Politics at the University of Oxford. She serves a scientific advisor the eupinions project of the Bertelsmann Foundation.