Benoît Cœuré is President of the Autorité de la concurrence since January 2022. He is a graduate of the Ecole polytechnique and the Ensae, Benoît Cœuré also holds a Master of Advanced Studies in economic analysis and policy and a degree in Japanese. He started his career at the National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies before joining the Directorate General of the Treasury as economic advisor to the Director. Deputy Director General of the Treasury between 2009 and 2011, he lead the foreign trade support policy and general reflection on France's economic policy as Chief Economist. As a member of the Executive Board and of the Governing Council of the European Central Bank from 2012 to 2018, he was responsible for market transactions, market infrastructures supervision and European and International relations. He chaired the Committee on Payments and Market Infrastructures of the Bank for International Settlements for six years where he focused on the digitisation of payment systems, the rise of crypto assets and the emergence of tech giants in financial services. In 2019, Benoît Cœuré took over as head of the innovation division of the Bank for International Settlements.